Art of the Problem channel on YouTube has a pretty decent video titled The Nature of Machine Learning. It presents some layering of the development of intellegence that struck me as similar as Jeff Hawkins book On Intelligence. The Art of the Problem’s video outlines its ideas in pursuit of explaining how machine learning works, or should work. It’s worth a look.
Despite the tremendous amount of current news articles about machine learning and artificial intelligence, the drive for this isn’t anything new, and, as a reminder, machine learning is a mathematical black box. Find a machine learning researcher and have them look you in the eye and tell you that they know exactly how their project came to the conclusion that it did. Good luck.
James Mickens of Harvard University has a wonderful video on this very topic: USENIX Security ‘18-Q: Why Do Keynote Speakers Keep Suggesting That Improving Security Is Possible?.